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A History of Chinese Political Thought

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author: Youngmin Kim

 

Press: Cambridge: Polity

Year of publication: 2018

 

Brief introduction:

 

China's rapid rise as a regional and global power is one of the most important political developments of the twenty-first century. Yet the West still largely overlooks or oversimplifies the complex ideas and ideals that have shaped China's national and international development from antiquity to the present day. In this new history of Chinese political thought, I attempt to offer a survey of the major themes in Chinese political thought from customary community to empire, exploring their theoretical importance and the different historical contexts in which they arose. Challenging traditional assumptions about Chinese nationalism and Marxist history, I show that 'China' is not a fixed, single identity, but rather a constantly moving target. My interdisciplinary approach traces the long and nuanced history of Chinese thought as a true tradition anchored around certain key themes; many of which began in the early dynasties and still resonate in China today. Only by appreciating the rich history of political thought in China, I argue, can we begin to understand the intricacies and contradictions of Chinese politics, economy and society today.

 

-Contents-

Preface viii

1 Introduction 1

2 Enlightened Customary Community 23

3 Political Society 46

4 The State 75

5 Aristocratic Society 94

6 The Metaphysical Republic 114

7 The Greater Integrated World 137

8 Autocracy 156

9 Civil Society or Body Politic? 174

10 Empire 198

Epilogue: China in Larger Contexts 218

Notes 232

Glossary 239

References 247

Index 258

 

Webpage link:

http://politybooks.com/bookdetail/?isbn=9780745652467

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A History of Classical Chinese Thought

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author(s): Li Zehou, trans. by Andrew Lambert (Assistant Professor of Philosophy at City University of New York, College of Staten Island)

 

Press: Routledge

Year of publication: 2019

 

Brief introduction:

 

Li Zehou is widely regarded as one of China’s most influential contemporary thinkers and this book is the first English-language translation of Li Zehou’s seminal work on classical Chinese thought. It includes chapters on the classical Chinese thinkers, including Confucius, Mozi, Laozi, Sunzi, Xunzi and Zhuangzi, and also on later eras and thinkers such as Dong Zhongshu and the Song-Ming Neo-Confucians.

The essays discuss these historical figures and their ideas, and also their historical significance. This includes how key themes from these early schools reappeared in and shaped later periods and thinkers. Taken together, these essays highlight the breadth of Li Zehou’s scholarship and his syncretic approach―his explanations of prominent thinkers and periods in Chinese intellectual history blend ideas from both the Chinese and Western canons, while also drawing on contemporary thinkers in both traditions. The book includes an extended introduction, written by the translator, which explains the significance of Li Zehou’s work and its prospects for fostering cross-cultural dialogue with Western philosophy.


Webpage link:

https://www.routledge.com/A-History-of-Classical-Chinese-Thought-1st-Edition/Li-Lambert/p/book/9780367230128

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Metaphor and Metaphilosophy: Philosophy as Combat, Play, and Aesthetic Experience

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author: Sarah A. Mattice

 

Press: Lexington Books 

Year of publication: 2017

 

Brief introduction:

 

Sarah A. Mattice explores contemporary philosophical activity and the way in which one aspect of language—metaphor—gives shape and boundary to the landscape of the discipline. The book examines metaphors of combat, play, and aesthetic experience and emphasizes how the choices we make in philosophical language are deeply intertwined with what we think philosophy is and how it should be practiced. Drawing on a broad range of resources, from cognitive linguistics and hermeneutics to aesthetics and Chinese philosophy, Mattice's argument provides insight into the evolution and future of philosophy itself. 

 

Webpage link:

https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781498505727/Metaphor-and-Metaphilosophy-Philosophy-as-Combat-Play-and-Aesthetic-Experience

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Making Space for Knowing: A Capacious Approach to Comparative Epistemology

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author: Aaron B. Creller

 

Press: Lexington Books

Year of publication: 2017

 

Brief introduction:

Making Space for Knowing: A Capacious Approach to Comparative Epistemology is an intervention in mainstream Western epistemology, especially as it relates to theories of knowledge, knowing, and knowers. Through its focus on propositional knowledge, contemporary mainstream epistemology has narrowed the scope of the definition of “knowledge” to a point where it fails to accurately describe the structure of knowing and prevents a genuine understanding of “knowledge” across different contexts and cultures.

 

Chapter One: The Historical Narrative of Contemporary Conceptions of Analytic Knowledge
Chapter Two: Contemporary Analytic Epistemology and the Problem of Justification
Chapter Three: The Hermeneutic Structure of Knowing
Chapter Four: Classical Chinese zhi and a Capacious Theory of Knowledge
Chapter Five: Best Practices in Comparative Epistemology

  

Webpage link:

https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781498547086/Making-Space-for-Knowing-A-Capacious-Approach-to-Comparative-Epistemology#

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Three Pillars of Skepticism in Classical India: Nagarjuna, Jayarasi, and Sri Harsa

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author: Ethan Mills

 

Press: Lexington Books

Year of publication: 2018

 

Brief introduction:

 

Beginning with the earliest strata of Indian philosophy, this book uncovers a distinct tradition of skepticism in Indian philosophy through a study of the “three pillars” of Indian skepticism near the beginning, middle, and end of the classical era: Nāgārjuna (c. 150-200 CE), Jayarāśi (c. 770-830 CE), and Śrī Harṣa (c. 1125-1180 CE). Moving beyond the traditional school model of understanding the history of Indian philosophy, this book argues that the philosophical history of India contains a tradition of skepticism about philosophy represented most clearly by three figures coming from different schools but utilizing similar methods: Nāgārjuna, Jayarāśi, and Śrī Harṣa. This book argues that there is a category of skepticism often overlooked by philosophers today: skepticism about philosophy, varieties of which are found not only in classical India but also in the Western tradition in Pyrrhonian skepticism. Skepticism about philosophy consists of intellectual therapies for those afflicted by the quest for dogmatic beliefs. The book begins with the roots of this type of skepticism in ancient India in the Ṛg Veda, Upaniṣads, and early Buddhist texts. Then there are two chapters on each of the three major figures: one chapter giving each philosopher’s overall aims and methods and a second demonstrating how each philosopher applies these methods to specific philosophical issues. The conclusion shows how the history of Indian skepticism might help to answer philosophy’s detractors today: while skeptics demonstrate that we should be modest about philosophy’s ability to produce firm answers, philosophy nonetheless has other uses such as cultivating critical thinking skills and lessening dogmatism. This book is situated within a larger project of expanding the history of philosophy.

 

Webpage link:

https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781498555692/Three-Pillars-of-Skepticism-in-Classical-India-Nagarjuna-Jayarasi-and-Sri-Harsa#

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New Essays in Japanese Aesthetics

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Edited by A. Minh Nguyen (Professor of Philosophy and Associate Director of the Honors College at Florida Gulf Coast University)

 

Press: Lexington Books

Year of publication: December 2017 (Hardback); September 2019 (Paperback)

 

Brief introduction:

 

This collection presents twenty-seven new essays in Japanese aesthetics by leading experts in the field. Beginning with an extended foreword by the renowned scholar and artist Stephen Addiss and a comprehensive introduction that surveys the history of Japanese aesthetics and the ways in which it is similar to and different from Western aesthetics, this groundbreaking work brings together a large variety of disciplinary perspectives—including philosophy, literature, and cultural politics—to shed light on the artistic and aesthetic traditions of Japan and the central themes in Japanese art and aesthetics. Contributors explore topics from the philosophical groundings for Japanese aesthetics and the Japanese aesthetics of imperfection and insufficiency to the Japanese love of and respect for nature and the paradoxical ability of Japanese art and culture to absorb enormous amounts of foreign influence and yet maintain its own unique identity.

 

https://rowman.com/ISBN/9780739180815/New-Essays-in-Japanese-Aesthetics

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Genuine Pretending

Posted By Administration, Sunday, October 20, 2019

Author(s): Hans-Georg Moeller, Paul D'Ambrosio

Press: Columbia University Press

Year of publication: 2017

 

Brief introduction:

 

Genuine Pretending is an innovative and comprehensive new reading of the Zhuangzi that highlights the critical and therapeutic functions of satire and humor. Hans-Georg Moeller and Paul J. D’Ambrosio show how this Daoist classic, contrary to contemporary philosophical readings, distances itself from the pursuit of authenticity and subverts the dominant Confucianism of its time through satirical allegories and ironical reflections.

 

Webpage link:

https://cup.columbia.edu/book/genuine-pretending/9780231183994

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Concerning this new blog

Posted By Doil Kim, Wednesday, August 14, 2019

 

We are operating this blog to promote new books in Asian philosophy, especially among academic philosophers who are not very familiar with Asian philosophy.

 

We are interested mainly in new titles that deserve to be considered book review subjects for professional journals in Asian philosophy.

 

For now, journals like Philosophy East and West, Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy and Journal of Confucian Philosophy and Culture support this blog.

 

If you have any question or suggestion, please feel free to contact the Blog Editor at philosokim@gmail.com

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Cultivating a Good Life in Early Chinese and Ancient Greek Philosophy

Posted By Doil Kim, Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Editor(s): Karyn Lai, Rick Benitez, Hyun Jin Kim

This book engages in cross-tradition scholarship, investigating the processes associated with cultivating or nurturing the self in order to live good lives. Both Ancient Chinese and Greek philosophers provide accounts of the life lived well: a Confucian junzi, a Daoist sage and a Greek phronimos.

By focusing on the processes rather than the aims of cultivating a good life, an international team of scholars investigate how a person develops and practices a way of life especially in these two traditions. They look at what is involved in developing practical wisdom, exercising reason, cultivating equanimity and fostering reliability. Drawing on the insights of thinkers including Plato, Confucius, Han Fei and Marcus Aurelius, they examine themes of harmony, balance and beauty, highlight the different concerns of scepticism across both traditions, and discuss action as an indispensable method of learning and, indeed, as constitutive of self. The result is a valuable collection opening up new lines of inquiry in ethics, demonstrating the importance of philosophical ideas from across cultural traditions.

https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/cultivating-a-good-life-in-early-chinese-and-ancient-greek-philosophy-9781350049574/

Tags:  Confucius  good life  Han Feizi  Marcus Aurelius  Plato  practical wisdom 

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Keywords in Chinese Culture

Posted By Doil Kim, Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Edited by Wai-yee Li and Yuri Pines

The Chinese University Press

 Like every major culture, Chinese has its set of keywords: pivotal terms of political, ethical, literary, and philosophical discourse. Tracing the origins, development, polysemy, and usages of keywords is one of the best ways to chart cultural and historical changes. This volume analyzes some of these keywords from different disciplinary and temporal perspectives, offering a new integrative study of their semantic richness, development trajectory, and distinct usages in Chinese culture.

The authors of the volume explore different keywords and focus on different periods and genres, ranging from philosophical and historical texts of the Warring States period (453–221 BCE) to late imperial (ca. 16th–18th centuries CE) literature and philosophy. They are guided by a similar set of questions: What elevates a mere word to the status of keyword? What sort of resonance and reverberations do we expect a keyword to have? How much does the semantic range of a keyword explain its significance? What kinds of arguments does it generate? What are the stories told to illustrate its meanings? What are political and intellectual implications of the keyword’s reevaluation? What does it mean to translate a keyword and map its meaning against other languages?

Throughout Chinese history, new ideas and new approaches often mean reinterpreting important words; rupture, continuities, and inflection points are inseparable from the linguistic history of specific terms. The premise of this book is that taking the long view and encompassing different disciplines yield new insights and unexpected connections. The authors, who come from the fields of history, philosophy, and literature, explore keywords in different genres and illuminate their multiple dimensions in various contexts. Moreover, despite their different temporal focus, they take into consideration the development of selected keywords from the Warring States to the late imperial period, sometimes adding excurses that extend to contemporary usage.

About the Author

WAI-YEE LI is professor of Chinese literature at Harvard University. She has written on early Chinese thought and historical writings as well as Ming-Qing literature and culture. Her books include Women and National Trauma in Late Imperial Chinese Literature (2014) and Plum Shadows and Plank Bridge: Two Memoirs about Courtesans (forthcoming).

YURI PINES is professor of Chinese history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His monographs include The Book of Lord Shang: Apologetics of State Power in Early China (2017); The Everlasting Empire: Traditional Chinese Political Culture and Its Enduring Legacy (2012); and Envisioning Eternal Empire: Chinese Political Thought of the Warring States Era (2009).

https://cup.columbia.edu/book/keywords-in-chinese-culture/9789882371194

Tags:  Chinese culture  terminology  vocabulary 

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Zhu Xi

Posted By Doil Kim, Saturday, July 13, 2019

Selected Writings

Edited and translated by Philip J. Ivanhoe

Oxford Chinese Thought

  • Features translations of Zhu Xi's writings by a range of leading scholars
  • Focuses on core themes in the philosophy of Zhu Xi
  • Provides a comprehensive introduction to Zhu Xi's thought

 

Tags:  Neo-Confucianism  Zhu Xi 

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The Original Meaning of the Yijing

Posted By Doil Kim, Saturday, July 13, 2019

Zhu Xi. Translated and edited by Joseph A. Adler

Columbia University Press

The Yijing (I Ching), or Scripture of Change, is traditionally considered the first and most profound of the Chinese classics. Originally a divination manual based on trigrams and hexagrams, by the beginning of the first millennium it had acquired written explanations and a series of appendices attributed to Confucius, which transformed it into a work of wisdom literature as well as divination. Over the centuries, hundreds of commentaries were written on it, but for the past thousand years, one of the most influential has been that of Zhu Xi (1130–1200), who synthesized the major interpretive approaches to the text and integrated it into his system of moral self-cultivation.

Joseph A. Adler’s translation of the Yijing includes for the first time in any Western language Zhu Xi’s commentary in full. Adler explores Zhu Xi’s interpretation of the text and situates it in the context of his overall theoretical system. Zhu Xi held that the Yijing was fundamentally composed for the purpose of divination by the mythic sage Fuxi, who intended to create a system to aid decision making. The text’s meaning, therefore, could not be captured by a single commentator; it would emerge for each person through the process of divination. This translation makes available to the English-language audience a crucial text in the history of Chinese religion and philosophy, with an introduction and translator’s notes that explain its intellectual and historical context.

 

About the Author

Zhu Xi (1130–1200), the most influential Chinese philosopher of the past two thousand years, was a crucial figure in the systematization of Neo-Confucian thought.

Joseph A. Adler is professor emeritus of Asian studies and religious studies at Kenyon College. He is the author of Reconstructing the Confucian Dao: Zhu Xi’s Appropriation of Zhou Dunyi (2014) and the translator of Zhu Xi’s Introduction to the Study of the Classic of Change (2002), among other works.

Tags:  Yi Jing  Zhu Xi 

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The Integral Philosophy of Aurobindo: Hermeneutics and the Study of Religion

Posted By Jason Chen, Friday, June 15, 2018

The Integral Philosophy of Aurobindo: Hermeneutics and the Study of Religion (Paperback) book cover

Brainerd Prince

Sri Aurobindo was an Indian nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru, and poet. This book is an enquiry into the integral philosophy of Aurobindo and its contemporary relevance. It offers a reading of Aurobindo’s key texts by bringing them into conversation with religious studies and the hermeneutical traditions. The central argument is that Aurobindo’s integral philosophy is best understood as a hermeneutical philosophy of religion.

Purchase here.

Tags:  Aurobindo  hermeneutics  Indian  philosophy of religion  religious studies 

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Hinduism: A Contemporary Philosophical Investigation

Posted By Jason Chen, Friday, June 15, 2018

Hinduism: A Contemporary Philosophical Investigation (Paperback) book cover

Shyam Ranganathan

Hinduism: A Contemporary Philosophical Investigation explores Hinduism and the distinction between the secular and religious on a global scale. According to Ranganathan, a careful philosophical study of Hinduism reveals it as the microcosm of philosophical disagreements with Indian resources, across a variety of topics, including: ethics, logic, the philosophy of thought, epistemology, moral standing, metaphysics, and politics. This analysis offers an original and fresh diagnosis of studying Hinduism, colonialism, and a global rise of hyper-nationalism, as well as the frequent acrimony between scholars and practitioners of Hindu traditions.

Purchase here.

Tags:  epistemology  ethics  Hinduism  Indian  logic  metaphysics  moral standing  politics  the philosophy of thought 

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Zen Insight, Psychoanalytic Action: Two Arrows Meeting

Posted By Jason Chen, Friday, June 15, 2018

Zen Insight, Psychoanalytic Action: Two Arrows Meeting (Paperback) book cover

Seiso Paul Cooper

Drawing from original source material, contemporary scholarship, and Wilfred Bion’s psychoanalytic writings, Zen Insight, Psychoanalytic Action: Two Arrows Meeting introduces the Zen notion of "gūjin," or total exertion, and elaborates a realizational perspective that integrates Zen Buddhism and psychoanalysis.

Purchase here.

Tags:  Buddhist  psychoanalysis  Zen 

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The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy in the First Millennium CE

Posted By Jason Chen, Friday, June 15, 2018

Cover for The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy in the First Millennium CE

Jan Westerhoff

  • A fascinating exploration of a key period in the history of Asian thought
  • A lucid guide to the development of Buddhist ideas
  • Enriches the philosophical story with the religious and cultural context of the period
  • Written to be enjoyed by readers with no prior knowledge of the history of Buddhist philosophy   
  • The Oxford History of Philosophy series offers ground-breading narrative history of philosophy for a broad interdisciplinary readership of researchers and advanced students

Purchase here.


Tags:  Buddhist  Indian 

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The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xi's Philosophical Thought

Posted By Jason Chen, Friday, June 15, 2018

Cover for The Buddhist Roots of Zhu Xis Philosophical Thought

Edited by John Makeham

  • Presents a rich and complex portrait of the Buddhist roots of Zhu Xi's philosophical thought
  • Provides new perspectives on what Zhu Xi was trying to achieve as a philosopher, by repurposing ideas from Buddhism
  • Sets a new benchmark for comparative Buddhist and Neo-Confucian philosophical studies

Purchase here.

Tags:  Buddhist  Zhu Xi 

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