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2020 APA Prizes: Spring Edition

2020 K. Jon Barwise Prize: Aaron Sloman (University of Birmingham, UK)

2020 David Baumgardt Memorial Fellowship: Jason Yonover (Johns Hopkins University)

2021 de Gruyter Kant Lecture: Michael Friedman (Stanford University)

2020–2021 Edinburgh Fellowship: Deborah Boyle (College of Charleston)

2021 Romanell LectureHelen Longino (Stanford University)

2021 Sanders Lecture: Tyler Burge (UCLA)

2021 Ernest Sosa Prize Lecture: David Christensen (Brown University)

 


 

2020 K. Jon Barwise Prize

Aaron Sloman (University of Birmingham, UK)

The Barwise Prize is for significant and sustained contributions to areas relevant to philosophy and computing. The prize will serve to credit those within our profession for their life long efforts in this field.

Sloman identifies himself primarily as a philosopher, though most of his followers and professional influence has been so far in Computer Science and AI. His main influence is on two points: 1. That naturalistic account of consciousness, and of the human mind, is not just computational but depends on various bio-chemical and physical specificities of the human brain. This is an important critical point towards the program of informationalism (the idea that conscious thinking is just computing). 2. Criticism of the idea that human brains are the best computers and that machine consciousness needs to follow humanoid cognitive architecture.

Since switching from mathematics to philosophy as a graduate student in 1959 I have been attempting to explain what's true in Kant's analysis of mathematical knowledge: locating mathematical discovery in an ever broader and deeper biological context, originating with ancient chemistry-based information-processing shared with many species, but continually enriched and diversified through multiple evolutionary transitions using increasingly sophisticated evolved construction-kits for building both physical components and control-systems for using them, and also building new multi-layer construction-kits arising from increasingly sophisticated genomic mechanisms using multi-layer gene-expression, where later layers use parameters acquired during earlier interactions with the environment. Some parameters are products of ancestors' or other species' interactions with their environments. This project continually expands to incorporate ideas from other disciplines, including building software tools to explore the ideas (e.g. the SimAgent construction kit). There is now a deep need for better educational systems to prepare new young researchers to contribute. Like the previous Barwise award winner, Margaret Boden, I helped develop the world's first academic program in Cognitive Science, at Sussex University, where we were colleagues for 27 years, from 1964.

 

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2020 David Baumgardt Memorial Fellowship

Jason Yonover (Johns Hopkins University)

Since 1975, the American Philosophical Association has administered the David Baumgardt Memorial Fellowship for the support and dissemination of research in the field of ethics.

Yonover presented a strong application, both on its merits and in terms of fit with the criteria. It is closely connected to Baumgardt, and well-aligned with the prize mandate and with the description of the fellowship. It is expertly articulated and the recommendation letters are strong. It is an impressive application, thoroughly worked out and detailing Yonover’s depth of knowledge in regard to the history of German and Jewish philosophy. It would also be lovely to have the lectures at the Leo Baeck Institute where the Baumgardt Collection resides.

Jason Maurice Yonover is a historian of philosophy at Johns Hopkins University who specializes in the German and Jewish traditions, with a particular interest in moral and political philosophy. He is working on two projects: the first concerns freedom and right in Hegel and Spinoza, and the second traces the legacy of early modern naturalism in modern German thought. His work has been published in the British Journal for the History of Philosophy and the Goethe Yearbook , and is forthcoming in Fichte-Studien, the Blackwell Companion to Spinoza , and the Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth-Century Women Philosophers in the German Tradition.

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2021 de Gruyter Kant Lecture

Michael Friedman (Stanford University)

The de Gruyter Kant Lecture Series is open to a broad approach to Kantian philosophy across the philosophical disciplines.

Michael Friedman’s distinguished work in the intersection of Kant, Philosophy of Science, and the History of Twentieth Century Philosophy, which includes eight monographs, two edited volumes, an edited volume devoted entirely to his own work, and articles too numerous to count has been well recognized throughout the philosophical community for the past 35 years. The APA is happy to do so again with the 2021 de Gruyter Kant Lecture.

Michael Friedman received his BA from Queens College in 1969 and PhD from Princeton University in 1973. He is currently Patrick Suppes Professor of the Philosophy of Science at Stanford. Among his publications are Foundations of Space-Time Theories: Relativistic Physics and Philosophy of Science (1983), Kant and the Exact Sciences (1992), Reconsidering Logical Positivism (1999), A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger (2000), Dynamics of Reason: the 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University (2001), and Kant’s Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (2013, 2015). He is the editor (and translator) of Immanuel Kant’s Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (2004), co-editor (with A. Nordmann) of The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science (2006), and co-editor (with R. Creath) of The Cambridge Companion to Carnap (2007).

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2020–2021 Edinburgh Fellowship

Deborah Boyle (College of Charleston)

The APA sponsors one visiting research fellowship per year at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities at the University of Edinburgh.

Deborah Boyle is an ideal choice for the APA Edinburgh Fellowship. Her book project, The Oxford Guide to Mary Shepherd, promises to make an important contribution to the history of philosophy. Boyle is a leading scholar of early modern women philosophers, and her project on Shepherd will be a valuable addition to the literature. Boyle also has a clear rationale to work in Edinburgh, as her project not only concerns an Edinburgh philosopher and will make use of research materials on Shepherd’s life held in or near Edinburgh, but also connects with the gender studies focus at the Institute for Advanced Studies there, and with the work of current Edinburgh philosophers.

Deborah Boyle is Professor of Philosophy at the College of Charleston, where she has taught since 1999.  Her primary research interest is in the work of early modern and modern women philosophers. She is the author of two books, The Well-Ordered Universe: The Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish (2018) and Descartes on Innate Ideas (2009), as well as papers on Astell, Cavendish, Conway, Descartes, Hume, and Mary Shepherd. In 2018 she edited Lady Mary Shepherd: Selected Writings . She is currently writing a book on Shepherd and preparing a modern, abridged edition of Cavendish’s Philosophical Letters . In July, Professor Boyle will become the editor of the Journal of the History of Philosophy.

 

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2021 Romanell Lecture

Helen Longino (Stanford University)

The Patrick Romanell Lecture is presented annually at a divisional meeting of the APA on the topic of philosophical naturalism.

From the selection committee: We nominated Helen Longino for her ground-breaking work in exploring the social dimensions of epistemology and philosophy of science and the way differing evaluative perspectives figure in scientific theorizing. We also were impressed with Longino's important work in feminist epistemology. Given all of these contributions we were sure she would have interesting things to say about philosophical naturalism.

Helen Longino received her PhD in philosophy from The Johns Hopkins University in 1973. Her teaching and research interests are in philosophy of science, social epistemology, and feminist philosophy. In addition to Studying Human Behavior (University of Chicago Press, 2013), Longino is the author of Science as Social Knowledge (Princeton University Press, 1990), The Fate of Knowledge (Princeton University Press, 2001), and many articles in the philosophy of science, feminist philosophy, and epistemology. Longino has taught at UC San Diego, Mills College, Rice University, the University of Minnesota, and is currently Clarence Irving Lewis Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University. Her research has been recognized by prizes such as the Robert K Merton Professional Award (for The Fate of Knowledge), the Women’s Caucus of the Philosophy of Science Association Prize (for Studying Human Behavior), and the degree of Doctor honoris causa, conferred by the Free University of Amsterdam in 2014. In 2016, she was awarded the degree of Doctor honoris causa by the University of Turku School of Economics and also elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has served on committees of many professional associations, and recently served as president of the Philosophy of Science Association.

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2021 Sanders Lecture

Tyler Burge (UCLA)

The Sanders Lecture is presented annually at a divisional meeting of the APA on a topic in philosophy of mind, metaphysics, or epistemology that engages the analytic tradition.

Burge has made contributions to many areas of philosophy, including the philosophy of mind, philosophy of logic, epistemology, philosophy of language, and the history of philosophy. He is probably best known for his work on Gottlob Frege, his views on de re belief, anti-individualism with respect to mental content, and his empirically informed account of objective reference. 

Tyler Burge was educated at Wesleyan University (B.A.–summa cum laude, 1967) and Princeton University (Ph.D., 1971). He has taught at UCLA since 1971, with visiting teaching stints at London, MIT, Harvard, Oxford, Stanford, Munich, Barcelona, and Bayreuth. He has authored articles in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, epistemology, philosophy of language and logic, and history of philosophy (Descartes, Kant, Frege). Two books of essays on his work with replies are Reflections and Replies: Essays on the Philosophy of Tyler Burge, Hahn and Ramberg eds., MIT Press, 2003; and Meaning, Basic Self-Knowledge, and Mind, Frapolli and Romero eds., CSLI Publications, 2003. The first three of several projected volumes of his essays are Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege (2005), Foundations of Mind (2007), and Cognition Through Understanding (2013)—all Oxford University Press.(OUP). In 2010, he published Origins of Objectivity, with OUP. A new book Perception: First Form of Mind is forthcoming OUP. He is past president of the American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division, and a current member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, British Academy, Institut International de Philosophie, and American Philosophical Society. He has given the Locke Lectures at Oxford, Dewey Lectures at Columbia, Nicod Lectures in Paris, and many other named lecture series. Seventeen conferences have been devoted entirely to his work in seventeen cities on four continents. His interests include history, literature, psychology, biology, classical music, wine, basketball, traveling, and hiking. He has a forbearing wife, two sane sons, and one insane cat.

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2021 Ernest Sosa Prize Lecture

David Christensen (Brown University)

The Lecturer must be an outstanding contributor to epistemology, and will present the Ernest Sosa Prize Lecture, in which the lecturer expounds some substantial contribution in a way that is accessible to a broad philosophical audience.

David Christensen has made important contributions to several areas in epistemology and philosophy of science: epistemic disagreement, confirmation theory, epistemic justification and evidence, theories of rationality, and the role of logic for a theory of rationality. In all these areas, his work is crucial and innovative to ongoing debates.

David Christensen is Professor of Philosophy at Brown University. He did his undergraduate work at Hampshire College, and graduate work at UCLA. He taught at the University of Vermont for 20 years before moving to Brown, where he was both honored and intimidated by being assigned to Ernest Sosa’s former office. His main philosophical interests are in epistemology (formal and casual).

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